City of Medellin

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City of Medellin

Medellin is a large city located in the Aburra Valley, a beautiful mountainous region of Colombia. Situated in the Northwestern corner of South America, Colombia shares its borders with Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador. On a map of Colombia, Medellin is strategically positioned in the center of the country, at a distance from other major cities like Bogota, Cali, Cartagena, and Bucaramanga. It’s a city surrounded by beautiful mountains.

Quick History of Medellin

Medellin’s history dates back to the 1540s when Spanish conquistadors first ventured into the Aburra Valley and encountered its indigenous inhabitants. However, it wasn’t until 1616 that Medellin was officially founded by Francisco de Herrera Campuzano. The city’s initial development took place in what is now known as the Poblado district.
Medellin’s rapid growth began in the early 20th century, fueled by the expansion of the railroad and the flourishing coffee industry, which became a lucrative cash crop. Over just a few decades, Medellin transformed into a large metropolis.
Unfortunately, in the 1980s, the city faced a dark period marked by political instability and the rise of drug trafficking. Pablo Escobar, a notorious drug lord, gained control over Medellin through his immense wealth generated from the cocaine trade, making it a hotbed of crime. During this time, the city had one of the highest homicide rates globally. However, Escobar’s reign ended in 1993, leading to a significant improvement in Medellin’s security.

Medellin Weather

Medellin is often affectionately referred to as the “Cuidad de la Eterna Primavera,” which translates to the “City of Eternal Spring.” The city’s geographical location near the equator and at a higher elevation contributes to its remarkably stable climate. Medellin experiences minimal temperature fluctuations year-round, consistently delivering that coveted springtime feel. This ideal weather is frequently cited by expats as one of the primary reasons for choosing to live in Medellin.
Typically, daily temperatures range from a minimum of around 16°C (63°F) to a maximum of 28°C (82°F). On sunny days, the temperature might rise a few degrees higher, while on cloudy or rainy days, it might drop a bit lower. As you ascend into the surrounding valley, you’ll notice cooler temperatures, occasionally necessitating a light jacket.
When it comes to rainfall, many inquire about the rainy season in Medellin. However, this is a somewhat challenging question to answer definitively. The variability in Medellin’s weather is largely influenced by the El Niño and La Niña phenomena, resulting in shifting patterns from year to year. During La Niña years, the city may experience prolonged periods of heavy rainfall, while El Niño years might bring prolonged sunshine with limited rainfall.

Population in Medellin

Medellin is home to a diverse and growing population. Known as “Paisas,” the locals of Medellin are known for their warm hospitality and strong regional identity. The city has expanded beyond its original borders and now includes neighboring areas like Bello, Copacabana, Envigado, Itagui, and Sabaneta to the north and south.

Medellin is home to 2,653,729 residents. Belen is the largest comuna with 217,501 people living there.

Tourism in Medellin

Government statistics indicate that Medellin ranks as Colombia’s second most popular city for tourism, trailing only behind Bogota and ahead of the coastal city of Cartagena. The transformation is evident in the soaring tourist numbers, with approximately 2.5 million visitors coming to Colombia annually, a significant increase from the 540,000 recorded in 2002 when Colombia was considered a less secure travel destination.
In 2022, Medellin alone welcomed 1.4 million international tourists. Of these visitors, roughly 20% came from the United States, 16% from Europe (with Spain, Germany, France, and the UK leading the way), while a substantial portion came from various Latin American countries.
The tourism landscape in Medellin has evolved rapidly. For instance, prior to 2010, the city had just a handful of hostels catering to foreign travelers. Over the next decade, this number surged, surpassing 150 by the beginning of 2020. In addition to tourists, Medellin’s expat community has been steadily growing. Although there is no official census, it is estimated that the number of long-term expats, including retirees, official workers, and digital nomads, now exceeds 10,000.

Immunization & Vaccine

When planning a trip to Medellin, you’ll be pleased to know that you generally do not require any specific travel immunizations. The city itself is not a high-risk area for diseases like malaria.
However, if your travel schedule includes a visit to the Amazon rainforest, it’s essential to take some precautionary measures. Consider getting immunization shots or medicines approximately 10 days before your departure to protect against malaria, hepatitis A and yellow fever.


In Medellin and throughout Colombia, the official language is Spanish. While English is the second most common language, it is not widely spoken, especially in everyday interactions.
The Colombian government has been actively promoting English language education in schools, with many universities requiring students to study English. In more tourist-friendly neighborhoods like El Poblado, you are more likely to encounter individuals who can engage in conversational English. Hostels, hotels, bars, and restaurants in such areas often have staff who can communicate in English, and you may find menus with English descriptions or even entirely in English.

However, in less touristy areas, conversational English may be less prevalent. Nonetheless, Colombians are known for their friendliness and hospitality, and even if there is a language barrier, locals will typically make an effort to understand and assist you. Non-verbal communication, such as gestures and body language, can be quite effective in bridging language gaps. You can download the Google Translator app to help with communication and learning Spanish. Since tourism is picking up in Medellin you will find more locals having Google Translate to help communicate with customers. 

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